FOLLOWERS OF JESUS OBSERVED

SUNDAY SABBATHă

 

Aristeo Canlas Fernando, Peace Crusader

 

 

The Holy Spirit revealed to a group of believers that Jesus was crucified and died on August 17, 1 BC.  This is equivalent to Av 30, 3760 in the Jewish calendar.  The revealed crucifixion date is a proleptic Gregorian date and was a Thursday.  In September 2003, I finally proved that the revelation is correct, twenty years after I first heard it.  Details about the proofs can be found at http://www.geocities.com/peacecrusader888/jesuscrucify1.htm. 

 

The followers of Jesus belonged to a group or sect called The Way (Acts 18:25-26, 24:14, 22).  As will be illustrated and explained in this webpage, The Way observed Sabbath also, not on Saturday as the Jews do though, but on Sunday.  Table 1 and Table 2 will help to illustrate this.

 

Table 1.  Events from crucifixion to discovery of empty sepulcher.

Proleptic
Gregorian
Calendar
Date

Day of Week

Jewish
Calendar
Date

Event

August 17, 1 BC

Thursday

Av 30, 3760

Crucifixion of Jesus, preparation day for next day’s high day and the Saturday Sabbath

August 18, 1 BC

Friday

Elul 1, 3760

New Moon Festival, a high day

August 19, 1 BC

Saturday

Elul 2, 3760

Saturday Sabbath of the Jews

August 20, 1 BC

Sunday

Elul 3, 3760

Sunday Sabbath of the followers of Jesus

August 21, 1 BC

Monday

Elul 4, 3760

Discovery of empty sepulcher

 

Jesus was crucified, died, and was buried in a sepulcher on August 17, 1 BC, a Thursday.  Four days later, at dawn of August 21, 1 BC, a Monday, Mary Magdalene and company found the sepulcher empty.  Jesus was therefore in the sepulcher for three complete days and three complete nights.  The Bible mentioned that it was the first day of the week, and was the day after the Sabbath.  The following verses from the Holy Bible, King James Version, state that it was the first day of the week:         

 

Matthew 28:1 – “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher.”

Mark 16:1-2 – “And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.  And the very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulcher at the rising of the sun.”

Luke 24:1 – “Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulcher, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.”

John 20:1 – “The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulcher, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulcher.”

 

The time when they went to the sepulcher are stated as: “it began to dawn,” “at the rising of the sun,” “very early in the morning,” “early, when it was yet dark”. 

 

Two verses state that this first day of the week was just past sabbath:

Matthew 28:1 - “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week”

Mark 16:1-2 – “And when the sabbath was past … And the very early in the morning the first day of the week”

 

Which sabbath is referred to in these verses?  The Saturday Sabbath of the Jews or a Sunday Sabbath that the followers of Jesus could have been observing?  Mark 16:1 states “And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.”  The verse states “And when the sabbath was past” when the women “had bought sweet spices”.  When could have they bought the spices?  Since the crucifixion happened the day before the sabbath, the buying must have been done after the crucifixion and after the sabbath. 

 

It must have been getting dark when Jesus was buried in the sepulcher.  The women did not have sweet spices nor have they the time to buy them because the shops were already close.  Shops are open only in the morning and don’t reopen anymore in the afternoon before the sabbath. 

 

On Friday, it was the New Moon Festival, the high day mentioned in John 19:31 which was a sabbath.  The shops were close.  The women still had not bought the sweet spices.  On Saturday, it was the weekly Sabbath of the Jews.  The shops were close so the women still had not bought the sweet spices.  On Sunday, although the shops were open, the women did not buy the spices because it was their (the followers’) sabbath.  As their sabbath, they must have gone on worship and studied the scriptures.  They must not have done any shopping at all even though the shops were open.  When their sabbath ended at sundown, the shops were open.  This was already Monday, and it was nighttime.  This was the time when the women had bought the sweet spices.  They now had the spices to anoint Jesus when they came to the sepulcher at dawn.

 

In Jerusalem, the trading hours in the marketplace or “souk” are as follows:

     Open in the morning until about noon (morning session)

     Close from about noon until about 4 or 5 pm

     Reopen from about 4 or 5 pm until about 7, 8 or 9 pm (evening session)

This schedule of trading hours is true from Sunday to Thursday.  The evening session is not worked on Fridays because, by sunset, it is already Sabbath.  Some shops open on Saturday evening about one hour after sunset because the Sabbath has just ended.

 

In Table 2, the scenario shown in Table 1 is illustrated again but in details with the trading in the marketplace included.  The day in the Jewish calendar starts at 6 pm or sunset (on sabbath) and comprises one whole nighttime followed by one whole daytime.

 

Table 2.  Events from crucifixion to discovery of empty sepulcher in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in year 1 BC and the Jewish calendar in year 3760.

Jewish Calendar

Part

of

Day

Proleptic

Gregorian

Calendar

Event

Date

Day of Week

Date

Day of Week

Av 30

Thu

SR-NN

Aug 17

Thu

Preparation day for next day’s sabbath (John 19:31) and the weekly Saturday Sabbath; shops open

Av 30

Thu

NN-SS

Aug 17

Thu

Crucifixion, death and burial of Jesus; preparation day for next day’s sabbath (John 19:31) and the weekly Saturday Sabbath; shops close

Elul 1

Fri

SS-MN

Aug 17

Thu

New Moon Festival, a high day, a shabbaton; first night of Jesus in the sepulcher; shops close

Elul 1

Fri

MN-SR

Aug 18

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day, a shabbaton; first night of Jesus in the sepulcher; shops close

Elul 1

Fri

SR-NN

Aug 18

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day, a shabbaton; first day of Jesus in the sepulcher; shops close; Jews are in the synagogue

Elul 1

Fri

NN-SS

Aug 18

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day, a shabbaton; first day of Jesus in the sepulcher; shops close

Elul 2

Sat

SS-MN

Aug 18

Fri

Weekly Sabbath of the Jews, their seven day; shops close; second night of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 2

Sat

MN-SR

Aug 19

Sat

Weekly Sabbath of the Jews, their seven day; shops close; second night of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 2

Sat

SR-NN

Aug 19

Sat

Weekly Sabbath of the Jews, their seventh day; Jews are in the synagogue; shops close; second day of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 2

Sat

NN-SS

Aug 19

Sat

Weekly Sabbath of the Jews, their seventh day; shops close; second day of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 3

Sun

SS-MN

Aug 19

Sat

Weekly Sabbath of the followers of Jesus, their seventh day; shops open an hour after sunset until about 7 or 8 pm; third night of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 3

Sun

MN-SR

Aug 20

Sun

Weekly Sabbath of the followers of Jesus, their seventh day; third night of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 3

Sun

SR-NN

Aug 20

Sun

Weekly Sabbath of the followers of Jesus, their seventh day; shops open in the morning; third day of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 3

Sun

NN-SS

Aug 20

Sun

Weekly Sabbath of the followers of Jesus, their seventh day; shops reopens about 4 or 5 pm; third day of Jesus in the sepulcher

Elul 4

Mon

SS-MN

Aug 20

Sun

First day of the week for the followers of Jesus; shops open until 7 or 8 pm, Mary Magdalene et al. bought sweet spices (Mark 16:1-2); resurrection of Jesus, must have happened before midnight

Elul 4

Mon

MN-SR

Aug 21

Mon

First day of the week for the followers of Jesus

Elul 4

Mon

SR-NN

Aug 21

Mon

First day of the week for the followers of Jesus; discovery of the empty sepulcher at dawn; shops open in the morning

Elul 4

Mon

NN-SS

Aug 21

Mon

First day of the week for the followers of Jesus; shops reopens about 4 or 5 pm

Note:  The yellow color indicates daytime, and the blue color, nighttime.

         SS (sunset or 6 p.m. to 12 midnight), MN (12 midnight to 6 a.m.), SR (sunrise, 6 a.m. to 12 noon), NN (12 noon to sunset or 6 p.m.)

             

The seventh day is the weekly sabbath.  To the Jews, it was from sunset of Friday to sunset of Saturday.  To the followers of Jesus, as shown above, it was from sunset of Saturday to sunset of Sunday.  This is the reason why the followers of Jesus were not able to visit His sepulcher on Sunday morning.  It was their sabbath.  And it was not until Monday evening after their sabbath and when the shops were open that Mary Magdalene and company were able to buy the sweet spices that they used to anoint Jesus when they went to the sepulcher.  They could not have done it that evening because it was already dark.  So the earliest opportune time that they went to the sepulcher was at dawn of Monday.  Three days had passed since the crucifixion and they would like to do the Jewish rituals for the dead as soon as possible which they had not done because of the series of sabbaths.

 

It can be concluded that:

1.     Sabbath is observed on the seventh day of the week by both the Jews and the followers of Jesus.

2.     The followers observed Sabbath on Sunday.

3.     The first day of their week is Monday.

 

File sundaysabbath.htm last updated: October 10, 2003

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