CRUCIFIXION DATE OF JESUS

REVEALED AND PROVENã

 

Aristeo Canlas Fernando, Peace Crusader

 

 

BACKGROUND

The Holy Spirit revealed to a group of believers that Jesus was crucified and died on August 17.  Not only did He reveal this date but He also mentioned the year – the equivalent of 1 BC.  In the Jewish calendar, this is Av 30, 3760 AM.

 

I first heard this revelation in 1983 from earlier listeners.  I had accepted it with doubt and scepticism even though it was a revelation from THE Holy Spirit.  In about 1999, I asked the Holy Spirit if this crucifixion date of Jesus He revealed is correct.  He affirmed that it is correct. 

 

This webpage is a revision of an earlier webpage published in August 2002 wherein I asserted that the revealed crucifixion date was a Friday because when Jesus was crucified, it was on the eve of a sabbath.  I thought that the sabbath referred to in the Bible is the Saturday Sabbath so I placed the crucifixion day Friday.  From CALNDR-L discussion group, I learned that August 17, 1 BC was a Thursday in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.  Still, I insisted that it must have been a Friday.   

 

On August 19, 2003, after a year of not being able to prove that the crucifixion day was a Friday and having come across the Perpetual Jewish/Civil Calendar Conversion by Alan D. Corre, and later the Yet Another Calendar Converter by Timothy James Forsythe, I came to accept that the date was a Thursday.  The revealed crucifixion date though is still correct but the date was not a Friday but a Thursday. 

 

This webpage will explain how I came to prove that this revealed crucifixion date is correct and that it was a Thursday. 

 

All verses quoted herein are from the Holy Bible, King James Version.

 

SABBATH

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 8, p. 640), sabbath came from the Hebrew word shavat meaning “cease” or “desist”.  It is a “day of holiness and rest observed by Israelites from sunset on Friday to nightfall of the following day.”  This definition limits sabbath to the Saturday Sabbath.

 

The following verses will show that sabbath does not apply to Saturday Sabbath only but also to a major holy day, which they call a high day, when Israelites abstain from work:

 

         Leviticus 16:29,31 – “And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you.  It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.”  (Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur)

         Leviticus 23:24-25 – “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying; In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.  Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.”  (New Year’s Day or Rosh Hashanah.)

         Leviticus 23:27-32 – “Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.  And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.  For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.  Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.  It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.”  (Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur.)

         Leviticus 23:35-36,39 – “On the first day shall be a holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.  Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be a holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.  Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.”  (Festival of Tabernacles/Booths/Ingathering or Sukkoth.)

 

In the preceding verses, work is proscribed or banned on the designated holy days (Day of Atonement, New Year’s Day, first and eighth days of the Festival of Tabernacles/Booths/Ingathering).  God commanded the Israelites to observe “sabbath” (Leviticus 23:24, 23:39) or “sabbath of rest” (Leviticus 16:31, 23:32) on these designated days which may fall on any day of the week.  They do not refer to the Saturday Sabbath.

 

To get ready for the sabbath, the Israelites make preparations on its eve which they call Preparation Day.

 

NEW MOON FESTIVAL

In the Jewish calendar in ancient times, the sighting of the new moon heralded the start of a Jewish month.  God instructed the Israelites to celebrate the first day of the Jewish month as a joyful occasion in what is referred to as the New Moon Festival or Rosh Hodesh (Hebrew: Head of the Month).  They are to blow the trumpets when they presented their offerings (Numbers 10:10, 28:11-15; Psalm 81:3). 

 

During Old Testament times, this festival was a major festival imposing abstention from business and work.  Although the Scripture does not mention work restriction when observing this festival, it is implied that Israelites abstained from work as in Amos 8:5 (KJV).  Besides abstaining from work, the Israelites visited the Temple of Jerusalem for a special sacrifice and held a family celebration.

 

These days, however, it has been demoted to a lesser holiday and is not celebrated or followed anymore as it used to be.  It is now considered a minor festival on which fasting and mourning are not allowed.  One reason may be due to the fact that the Israelites were dispersed throughout the world and have adopted the calendar of their host countries, which most likely is the solar Gregorian calendar.  This may also be the reason why the true meaning of high day is not fully understood anymore or has been lost.

 

OFFERINGS DURING SATURDAY SABBATH AND NEW MOON FESTIVAL

Table 1.  Comparison of the holy days of Saturday Sabbath and New Moon Festival.

Religious Holy Days

Saturday Sabbath

(Shavat)

New Moon Festival

(Rosh Hodesh)

When Held

Every Saturday

1st day of lunar month

Jewish Calendar Date

Every Saturday

1st day of lunar month

Gregorian Calendar Date

From sunset of Friday to sunset of Saturday

May fall on any date

When Offerings are Presented

Every Saturday

1st day of lunar month

Main Verses

Number 28:9-10

Num 28:11-15

Other Related Verses

Ex 20:8-10, 23:12, 31:12-17, 34:21, 35:2-3; Lev 23:3; Deut 5:12-15, Ezek 46:1-5

Num 10:10, 29:6; Ps 81:3; Ezek 46:1, 6-7

Burnt-Offering (all animals must be without defects

2 one-year old male lambs

2 young bulls, 1 ram, 7 one-year-old male lambs

Grain-Offering (flour mixed with olive-oil)

2 kg

3 kg with each bull, 2 kg with the ram, 1 kg with each lamb

Wine-Offering

Unspecified quantity, assumed to be 1 liter with each lamb

2 liters with each bull, 1.5 liters with the ram, 1 liter with each lamb

Sin-Offering (animal must be without defects)

None

1 male goat

Work Restriction

Yes (Lev 23:3; Ex 20:10-11, 23:12, 31:15, 34:21, 35:2; Deut 5:15)

Yes, implied (Amos 8:5, KJV)

Holy Convocation

Yes (Lev 23:3)

 

Trumpets to be Blown

 

Yes (Num 10:10)

Special Instruction

Burnt-offering to be offered in addition to the daily offering with its wine-offering (Num 28:10)

Above offerings in addition to the daily burnt-offering with its wine offering (Num 28:15)

 

Table 1 shows the burnt-, grain-, and wine-offerings of both the Saturday Sabbath and the New Moon Festival.  It will be noted that the offerings for the latter are more than the former.  The latter has two young bulls, one ram, five one-year-old lambs, 13 kg of flour mixed with olive-oil, and 10.5 liters of wine more than the former.  There is even a male goat as sin-offering.  And yet, the Bible is explicit that the Israelites have to abstain from business and work on the Saturday Sabbath but not on the New Moon Festival.  Does the New Moon Festival not require more preparation than the Saturday Sabbath?  Of course, it does.  If the Israelites made preparations on the eve of a Saturday Sabbath which they called Preparation Day, the more that they had to make preparations for the New Moon Festival.  This must be the reason why they made the New Moon Festival a sabbath as well.  This is what was uncovered in this study—the New Moon Festival was a sabbath and the day before it was Preparation Day.  It was on Preparation Day when Jesus was crucified as accounted by the four evangelists.  Apostle John further said in John 19:31 that the following day was a high day.  That high day was the New Moon Festival, one of the festivals commanded by God for the Israelites to observe.

 

HOW IMPORTANT WAS NEW MOON FESTIVAL?

The New Moon Festival was a major festival of the Israelites during Old Testament times.  It was at par as the God-commanded major festivals—and the Saturday Sabbath, as shown in the following verses:

 

2 Kings 4:23 – “And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him today?  It is neither new moon, nor sabbath.  And she said, It shall be well.”

1 Chronicles 23:31 – “And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD;”

2 Chronicles 2:4 – “Behold, I build a house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual showbread, and for the burnt offerings  morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God.  This is an ordinance for ever to Israel.”

2 Chronicles 8:13 – “Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.”

2 Chronicles 31:3 – “He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD.”

Nehemiah 10:33 – “For the showbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.”

Isaiah 1:13-14 – “Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.  Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.”

Isaiah 66:23 – “And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD.”

Ezekiel 45:17 – “And it shall be the prince’s part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.”

Ezekiel 46:1 – “Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.”

Ezekiel 46:3 – “Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons.”

Hosea 2:11 – “I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.”

Amos 8:5 – “Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? And the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?”

Colossians 2:16 – “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:”

 

BIBLICAL ACCOUNT

When Jesus was crucified, it was on Preparation Day, the eve of a Jewish sabbath.  In the Bible, all four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, gave accounts of preparation for the sabbath.  Apostle John further said in John 19:31 that the following day was not only a sabbath day but it was also a high day.  That high day was the New Moon Festival, one of the festivals God commanded the Israelites to observe.  The following verses are the accounts of the evangelists about this preparation day: 

 

Matthew 27:62 - “Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, …” 

Mark 15:42 - “And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,” 

Luke 23:54 - “And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.”

John 19:31 - “The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was a high day,) …” 

John 19:42 - “There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews’ preparation day; for the  was nigh at hand.”

 

PROOFS THAT THE REVELATION IS CORRECT

The following prove that the revelation of the Holy Spirit regarding the crucifixion and death of Jesus occurring on August 17, 1 BC is correct and agrees with accounts in the Bible:

 

1.     Use of proleptic Gregorian calendar

 

The Gregorian calendar came into use in 1582 after Pope Gregory XIII reformed the Julian calendar.  The period before 1582 is referred to herein as the proleptic Gregorian calendar.  August 17, 1 BC was a Thursday and equivalent to Av 30, 3760 AM in the Jewish calendar using the Perpetual Jewish/Civil Calendar Conversion by Alan D Corre and the Universal Calendar Converter by Timothy James Forsythe. 

 

2.     Use of astronomical observation

 

The website http://www.stellafane.com calculates when the new moon and full moon dates occur.  Using its moon phase calculator, August 18, 1 BC was new moon.  This heralded the start of a Jewish month.  August 18, 1 BC was one day after the revealed crucifixion date of Jesus.  Corre’s conversion also gives August 18, 1 BC to be the start of a Jewish month, i.e. Elul 1, 3760 AM.

 

3.     Use of Jewish calendar

 

In the Jewish calendar in ancient times, the sighting of the new moon heralded the start of a Jewish month.  On August 18, 1 BC, there was a new moon, hence, it was the first day of the month in the Jewish calendar.  That month was Elul, and the year was 3760 AM (AM means anno mundi or “in the year of the world”).  The new moon date therefore was Elul 1, 3760 AM.  The month before Elul was Av, a month of 30 days.  The date preceding Elul 1, 3760 was Av 30, 3760 AM.  Jesus was therefore crucified on Av 30, 3760 AM.  This was equivalent to August 17, 1 BC, the revealed crucifixion date of Jesus.

 

August 18, 1 BC (equivalent to Elul 1, 3760 AM) was a Friday.  The Israelites used to celebrate the first day of the Jewish month as New Moon Festival.  Elul 1, 3760 AM was an especially holy day because it was the first day of the month, the celebration of the New Moon Festival, a sabbath of rest.  Apostle John called it a high day (John 19:31).  Some people called this day as “high sabbath” because the Bible mentioned the day following the crucifixion of Jesus was a sabbath and a high day.    

 

Elul 2, 3760 AM was Saturday.  As such, the Saturday Sabbath was observed.  This Jewish date is equivalent to August 19, 1 BC.

 

                  Table 2.  Summary of dates determined.

Proleptic Gregorian date

Day of week

Jewish date

(until sunset of Gregorian date)

Remarks

August 17, 1 BC

Thursday

Av 30, 3760 AM

Crucifixion of Jesus

August 18, 1 BC

Friday

Elul 1, 3760 AM

New Moon Festival, a high day

August 19, 1 BC

Saturday

Elul 2, 3760 AM

Saturday Sabbath

 

The date and day of the week of two calendars – the proleptic Gregorian calendar and the Jewish calendar -- are compared in Table 3.

 

Table 3.  Comparison of the dates in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in year 1 BC and the Jewish calendar in year 3760 AM around the time when Jesus was crucified.

 

Propleptic Gregorian calendar

Part of day

Jewish calendar

Event

Date

Day of Week

Date

Day of Week

August 15

Tue

SS - MN

Av 29

Wed

 

August 16

Wed

MN – SR

Av 29

Wed

 

August 16

Wed

SR – NN

Av 29

Wed

 

August 16

Wed

NN – SS

Av 29

Wed

 

August 16

Wed

SS – MN

Av 30

Thu

 

August 17

Thu

MN – SR

Av 30

Thu

 

August 17

Thu

SR – NN

Av 30

Thu

 

August 17

Thu

NN – SS

Av 30

Thu

Jesus was crucified, died, and was buried

August 17

Thu

SS - MN

Elul 1

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day; First night in sepulcher

August 18

Fri

MN – SR

Elul 1

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day; First night in sepulcher

August 18

Fri

SR – NN

Elul 1

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day; First day in sepulcher

August 18

Fri

NN – SS

Elul 1

Fri

New Moon Festival, a high day; First day in sepulcher

August 18

Fri

SS - MN

Elul 2

Sat

Saturday Sabbath; Second night in sepulcher

August 19

Sat

MN – SR

Elul 2

Sat

Saturday Sabbath; Second night in sepulcher

August 19

Sat

SR – NN

Elul 2

Sat

Saturday Sabbath; Second day in sepulcher

August 19

Sat

NN – SS

Elul 2

Sat

Saturday Sabbath; Second day in sepulcher

August 19

Sat

SS - MN

Elul 3

Sun

Third night in sepulcher

August 20

Sun

MN – SR

Elul 3

Sun

Third night in sepulcher

August 20

Sun

SR – NN

Elul 3

Sun

Third day in sepulcher

August 20

Sun

NN – SS

Elul 3

Sun

Third day in sepulcher

August 20

Sun

SS - MN

Elul 4

Mon

Resurrection of Jesus

August 21

Mon

MN – SR

Elul 4

Mon

 

August 21

Mon

SR – NN

Elul 4

Mon

Discovery of empty sepulcher

August 21

Mon

NN – SS

Elul 4

Mon

 

August 21

Mon

SS - MN

Elul 5

Tue

 

 

Note:  The yellow color indicates daytime, and the blue color, nighttime.

          MN (12 midnight to 6 a.m.), SR (sunrise, 6 a.m. to 12 noon), NN (12 noon to sunset or 6 p.m.), SS (sunset or 6 p.m. to 12 midnight)

 

Jesus died on the cross in the afternoon of Thursday, August 17, 1 BC.  The equivalent of this date in the Jewish calendar was Av 30, 3760 AM which was about to end.  (The Jewish day starts at sunset for the start of sabbath).  After sunset, in the Jewish calendar, it would be the New Moon Festival and the date was Elul 1, 3760 AM.  Jesus was taken down from the cross and laid in the  before sunset that Thursday.   Had no one claimed the body of Jesus, He would have remained on the cross for more than 48 hours (Friday, New Moon Festival, a high day, and the regular Saturday Sabbath, days when work is proscribed or banned).  That would have been very humiliating.  This must have been a reason why the Jewish authorities executed Jesus on the eve of New Moon Festival.

 

It will be noted that the sepulcher was discovered empty on Monday, August 21, 1 BC.  The following verses mention this first day:

        

Matthew 28:1 – “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher.”

Mark 16:1-2 – “And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.  And the very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulcher at the rising of the sun.”

Luke 24:1 – “Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulcher, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.”

John 20:1 – “The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulcher, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulcher.”

 

The early Christians have chosen Sunday as the day when they celebrated their worship service.  It was their sabbath or sabbath of rest, the seventh day of the Christian week.  Monday, then, was the first day.  That is why in their accounts in the Bible, they mentioned that it was on the first day of the week when the sepulcher was found empty and the body of Jesus was nowhere in sight. 

 

Some questions now arise as a result of finding out that it was on Monday morning when the sepulcher was discovered empty.  Why was it already Monday when the followers of Jesus went to the sepulcher?  Why was the sepulcher visited only after three days?  Was it because the sepulcher had been guarded by the soldiers sent by the chief priests and Pharisees (Matthew 27:62-66) who would have prevented them from approaching it?  Was it because there were three consecutive sabbath days after crucifixion?  The days are Friday, a sabbath, a high day, the New Moon Festival; Saturday, the regular weekly sabbath; and Sunday, which may have been the Sabbath of the followers of Jesus.  Why did He, for example, heal people on the Jewish Saturday Sabbath?  Was Jesus preaching a Sunday Sabbath then? 

 

NOTABLE FINDINGS

Ø     Jesus was crucified in August and not around March or April.

Ø     Jesus was crucified on a Thursday and not on a Friday.

Ø     Jesus was crucified on the eve of the New Moon Festival and not of a Saturday Sabbath.

Ø     Jesus was crucified in the Jewish month of Av and not of Nisan.

Ø     Jesus was crucified after, not during, the Passover Festival.  (http://aristean.org/passover1.htm).

Ø     The  sepulcher was found empty on Monday, the first day of the week.

Ø     High day means a major Jewish holy day which is also a sabbath of rest where one abstained from business or work like the Saturday Sabbath (e.g. New Moon Festival, New Year’s Day, Day of Atonement).  (To be available in http://aristean.org/highsabbath1.htm).

Ø     The New Moon Festival was a major holy day, a high day, requiring abstention from business or work.

Ø     Sabbath does not refer to the Saturday Sabbath only but also to designated holy days, such as the New Moon Festival, Day of Atonement, New Year’s Day, and the first and eighth days of the Festival of Tabernacles.

Ø     The present calendar should reckon the year from crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ.  (To be available in http://aristean.org/jesusbirth.htm.) 

Ø     Jesus was crucified in 1 BC and not around 30 AD.

Ø     BC means Before Crucifixion (of Jesus Christ) and AD means After Death (of Jesus Christ).  (To be available in  http://aristean.org/bcad.htm.)

Ø     Speaking in tongues (Acts 2:1-40) happened at the Festival of Tabernacles or Sukkoth, and not at Pentecost.  (To be available in http://aristean.org/speaktongue.htm.)

 

Other results of these findings are as follows:

Ø     When did King Solomon reign? (http://aristean.org/solomon.htm)

Ø     Exodus happened on April 12, 1260 BC (http://aristean.org/exodus.htm)

 

File jesuscrucify1.htm last updated:  September 10, 2003

 

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