ARISTEAN DECIMAL TIMEă

(New Time System for the World)

By Aristeo Canlas Fernando, Peace Crusader


Contents

Units of the Aristean Decimal Time

  1. Standard Time Conversion
  2. Aristean Decimal Time Conversion

3.      Equivalent of One Day in Standard Time and in Aristean Decimal Time

4.      Conversion from Standard Time to Aristean Decimal Time

5.      Conversion from Aristean Decimal Time to Standard Time

Equivalent of a Heartbeat

 

Elapsed Time or Duration Issue

  1. Features
  2. Application in Sports of the Aristean Decimal Time

a)     Olympic Games – Summer Games

b)     Olympic Games – Winter Games

c)      Other Sports

d)     Duration in Sports – illustration of present duration and proposed duration using the Aristean Decimal Time in various sports

  1. Speed in Standard Time and in Aristean Decimal Time
  2. The Milliaristo as the New SI Base Unit for Time
  3. Definition of a Milliaristo
  4. Digital Display of Aristean Decimal Time on a Stopwatch

 

Time of Day or Clock Time Issue

  1. Features
  2. Start of Day
  3. A Day According to God
  4. Subdivision of a Day
  5. Time of Day
  6. Expressing Time
  7. The Clock
  8. Digital Display of Aristean Decimal Time
  9. Conversion of Clock Time from Aristean Decimal Time to Standard Time
  10. Conversion of Clock Time from Standard Time to Aristean Decimal Time

 



Units of the Aristean Decimal Time

 

The basic unit in the Aristean Decimal Time is called “aristo”.  This name is equivalent to the present standard hour.  The decimal time for minute is “deciaristo” for 1/10th of an “aristo”.  The decimal time for second is “milliaristo” for 1/1000th of an “aristo”, and one thousandth of a milliaristo is a microaristo.  The short name for deciaristo is “deciar” and milliaristo, “milliar”.  The abbreviations for these units are “ar” for “aristo”, “dar” for “deciaristo”, “mar” for “milliaristo”, and “mar” for “microaristo”. 

 

 

Standard Time Conversion

 

1 day =

24

hours

 

1,440

minutes

 

86,400

seconds

 

 

 

1 hour =

60

minutes

 

3,600

seconds

 

 

 

1 minute =

60

seconds

 

 

Aristean Decimal Time Conversion

 

1 day =

100

aristos 

 

1,000

deciaristos 

 

100,000

milliaristos 

 

100,000,000

microaristos

 

 

 

1 aristo =

10

deciaristos 

 

1,000

milliaristos 

 

1,000,000

microaristos

 

 

 

1 deciaristo =

100

milliaristos 

 

100,000

microaristos

 

 

 

1 milliaristo =

1,000

microaristos

 

 

Equivalent of One Day in Standard Time and in Aristean Decimal Time

 

 

Standard Time

Aristean Decimal Time

1 day =

24

hours

100

aristos

 

1,440

minutes

1,000

deciaristos

 

86,400

seconds

100,000

milliaristos

 

 

Conversion from Standard Time to Aristean Decimal Time

 

1 hour =

4.1667 aristos

 

41.6667 deciaristos

 

4166.6667 milliaristos

 

 

1 minute =

0.6944 deciaristo

 

69.4444 milliaristos

 

 

1 second =

1.1574 milliaristos

 

 

Conversion from Aristean Decimal Time to Standard Time

 

1 aristo =

0.24 hour

 

14.4 minutes

 

14 minutes 24 seconds

 

864 seconds

 

 

1 deciaristo =

1.44 minutes

 

1 minute 26.4 seconds

 

86.4 seconds

 

 

1 milliaristo =

0.864 second

 

 

Heartbeat

 

Did you know …

that the heart beats about 100,000 times in a day? 

 

This is the number of milliaristos in one day!

 

Heartbeats

Per minute

Per day

60

86,400

62

89,280

64

92,160

66

95,040

68

97,920

69.444

100,000

70

100,800

72

103,680

74

106,560

76

109,440

78

112,320

80

115,200

 

 

 

ELAPSED TIME OR DURATION ISSUE

 

Features

·        Duration is expressed in decimal, and not in hours, minutes and seconds (sexagesimal).

·        One aristo is divided into 10 deciaristos for more precision in the measurement of time.

·        One aristo is divided into 1,000 milliaristos for more accuracy in the measurement of time.  One thousandth of a milliaristo is designated as a microaristo.  Such accuracy is best for sport and technical applications.

·        One milliaristo is 0.864 of a second.

·        Time calculation is easy and simple.

·        Milliaristo can be the standard unit of time instead of second.

 

 

Application in sports of the Aristean Decimal Time

Here are some applications of the Aristean Decimal Time in various sports of the Olympic Games (Summer and Winter) and in other sports:

 

 

OLYMPIC GAMES – 1992 Summer Games, Barcelona*

 

(Aristean Time is expressed in milliaristo.  To convert to aristo, divide the value by 1000.)

Sport

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Men

Women

Men

Women

Canoeing

 

 

 

 

500-m kayak singles

1 min 40.34 sec

1 min 51.60 sec

116.134

129.166

1,000-m kayak singles

3 min 37.26 sec

--

251.458

--

500-m kayak pairs

1 min 29.84 sec

1 min 40.29 sec

103.981

116.076

1,000-m kayak pairs

3 min 16.10 sec

--

226.968

--

500-m kayak fours

--

1 min 38.32 sec

--

113.796

1,000-m kayak fours

2 min 54.18 sec

--

201.597

--

500-m Canadian singles

1 min 51.15 sec

--

128.646

--

1,000-m Canadian singles

4 min 5.92 sec

--

284.630

--

500-m Canadian pairs

1 min 41.54 sec

--

117.523

--

1,000-m Canadian pairs

3 min 37.42 sec

--

251.643

--

 

 

 

 

 

Cycling

 

 

 

 

Road race

4 hr 35 min 21 sec

2 hr 4 min 42 sec

19,121.528

8,659.722

Team time trial

2 hr 1 min 39 sec

--

8,447.916

--

(1-km) time trial

1 min 3.342 sec

--

73.312

--

3,000-m indiv. Pursuit

--

3 min 41.753 sec

--

256.658

4,000-m indiv. Pursuit

3 min 21.649 sec

--

233.390

--

4,000-m team pursuit

4 min 8.791 sec

--

287.953

--

 

 

 

 

  

Rowing

 

 

 

 

Single sculls

6 min 51.40 sec

7 min 25.54 sec

476.157

515.671

Double sculls

6 min 17.32 sec

6 min 49.00 sec

436.713

473.379

Quadruple sculls

5 min 45.17 sec

6 min 20.18 sec

399.502

440.023

Coxed pairs

6 min 49.83 sec

--

474.340

--

Coxless pairs

6 min 27.72 sec

7 min 06.22 sec

448.750

493.310

Coxed fours

5 min 59.37 sec

--

415.937

--

Coxless fours

5 min 55.04 sec

6 min 30.85 sec

410.926

452.372

Eights

5 min 29.53 sec

6 min 02.62 sec

381.400

419.699

 

 

 

 

 

Swimming

 

 

 

 

50-m freestyle

21.91 sec

24.79 sec

25.359

28.692

100-m freestyle

49.02 sec

54.64 sec

56.7436

63.240

200-m freestyle

1 min 46.70 sec

1 min 57.90 sec

123.495

136.458

400-m freestyle

3 min 45.00 sec

4 min 7.18 sec

260.416

286.088

800-m freestyle

--

8 min 25.52 sec

--

585.092

1,500-m freestyle

14 min 43.48 sec

--

1,022.546

--

100-m backstroke

53.98 sec

1 min 0.68 sec

62.477

70.231

200-m backstroke

1 min 58.47 sec

2 min 7.06 sec

137.118

147.060

100-m breaststroke

1 min 1.50 sec

1 min 8.00 sec

71.181

78.704

200-m breaststroke

2 min 10.16 sec

2 min 26.65 sec

150.648

169.734

100-m butterfly

53.32 sec

58.62 sec

61.713

67.847

200-m butterfly

1 min 56.26 sec

2 min 8.67 sec

134.560

148.924

200-m individual medley

2 min 0.76 sec

2 min 11.65 sec

139.769

152.373

400-m individual medley

4 min 14.23 sec

4 min 36.54 sec

294.248

320.070

4 x 100-m freestyle relay

3 min 16.74 sec

3 min 39.46 sec

227.708

254.005

4 x 200-m freestyle relay

7 min 11.95 sec

--

499.942

--

4 x 100-m medley relay

3 min 36.93 sec

4 min 2.54 sec

251.077

280.718

 

 

 

 

 

Track and Field

 

 

 

 

100 m

9.96 sec

10.82 sec

11.528

12.523

200 m

20.01 sec

21.81 sec

23.160

25.243

400 m

43.50 sec

48.83 sec

50.347

56.516

4 x 100-m relay

37.40 sec

42.11 sec

43.287

48.739

4 x 400-m relay

2 min 55.74 sec

3 min 20.20 sec

203.403

231.713

800 m

1 min 43.66 sec

1 min 55.54 sec

119.977

133.727

1,500 m

3 min 40.12 sec

3 min 55.30 sec

254.767

272.338

3,000 m

--

8 min 46.04 sec

--

608.843

5,000 m

13 min 12.52 sec

--

917.269                 

--

10,000 m

27 min 46.70 sec

31 min 6.02 sec

1,929.051

2,159.745

Marathon

2 hr 13 min 23 sec

2 hr 32 min 41 sec

9,262.731

10,603.009

100-m hurdles

13.12 sec

12.64 sec

15.185

14.630

400-m hurdles

46.67 sec

53.23 sec

54.016

61.609

Steeplechase

8 min 8.84 sec

--

565.787

--

10-km walk

--

44 min 32 sec

--

3,092.592

20-km walk

1 hr 21 min 45 sec

--

5,677.083

--

50-km walk

3 hr 50 min 13 sec

--

15,987.270

--

* Source:  Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1993 Book of the Year, Sports and Games, pp. 276-333.

 

 

OLYMPIC GAMES, 1992 WINTER GAMES, ALBERTVILLE*

 

(Aristean Time is expressed in milliaristo.  To convert to aristo, divide the value by 1000.)

Sport

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Men

Women

Men

Women

Alpine Skiing

 

 

 

 

Downhill

1 min 50.37 sec

1 min 52.55 sec

127.743

130.266

Slalom

1 min 44.39 sec

1 min 32.68 sec

120.822

107.269

Giant Slalom

2 min 6.98 sec

2 min 12.74 sec

146.968

153.634

Supergiant slalom

1 min 13.04 sec

1 min 21.22 sec

84.537

94.005

 

 

 

 

 

Nordic Skiing

 

 

 

 

5-km cross-country

--

14 min 13.8 sec

--

988.194

10-km cross-country

27 min 36.0 sec

25 min 53.7 sec

1,916.667

1,798.264

15-km cross-country

38 min 1.9 sec

42 min 20.8 sec

2,641.088

2,940.741

30-km cross-country

1 hr 22 min 27.8 sec

1 hr 22 min 30.1 sec

5,726.621

5,729.282

50-km cross-country

2 hr 3 min 41.5 sec

--

8,589.699

--

20-km ski relay

--

59 min 34.8 sec

--

4,137.500

40-km ski relay

1 hr 39 min 26.0 sec

--

6,905.092

--

 

 

 

 

 

Biathlon

 

 

 

 

7.5 km

--

24 min 29.2 sec

--

1,700.463

10 km

26 min 2.3 sec

--

1,808.217

--

15 km

--

51 min 47.2 sec

--

3,596.296

20 km

57 min 34.4 sec

--

3,998.148

--

22.5-km relay

--

1 hr 15 min 55.6 sec

--

5,272.685

30-km relay

1 hr 24 min 43.5 sec

--

5,883.681

--

 

 

 

 

 

Speed Skating

 

 

 

 

500 m

37.14 sec

40.33 sec

42.986

46.678

1,000 m

1 min 14.85 sec

1 min 21.90 sec

86.632

94.792

1,500 m

1 min 54.81 sec

2 min 5.87 sec

132.882

145.683

3,000 m

--

4 min 19.90 sec

--

300.810

5,000 m

6 min 59.97 sec

7 min 31.57 sec

486.077

522.651

10,000 m

14 min 12.12 sec

--

986.250

--

 

 

 

 

 

Short-Track Speed Skating

 

 

 

 

500 m

--

47.04 sec

--

54.445

1,000 m

1 min 30.76 sec

--

105.046

--

3,000-m relay

--

4 min 36.62 sec

--

320.162

5,000-m relay

7 min 14.02 sec

--

502.338

--

 

 

 

 

 

Bobsledding

 

 

 

 

Two-man

4 min 3.26 sec

--

281.551

--

Four-man

3 min 53.90 sec

--

270.718

--

 

 

 

 

 

Tobogganing (Luge)

 

 

 

 

Single

3 min 2.363 sec

3 min 6.696 sec

211.068

216.083

Double

1 min 32.053 sec

--

106.543

--

* Source:  Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1993 Book of the Year, Sports and Games, pp. 276-333.

 

 

OTHER SPORTS*

 

(Aristean Time is expressed in aristo.  To convert to milliaristo, multiply the value by 1000.)

 

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Automobile racing

 

 

Lap

191.31 km/h

45.914 km/ar

Average speed

235.689 km/h

56.565 km/ar

 

 

 

U.S. racing, average speed

134.479 mph

32.275 mi/ar

 

 

 

Marathon (1992)

 

 

Boston

 

 

Men

2:08:14

8.905093

Women

2:23:43

9.980324

New York

 

 

Men

2:09:29

8.991898

Women

2:24:40

10.046296

Chicago

 

 

Men

2:16:14

9.460648

Women

2:37:41

10.950231

* Source:  Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1993 Book of the Year, Sports and Games, pp. 276-333.

 

 

Here are the present durations of various sports and the proposed durations in the Aristean Decimal Time.

 

DURATION IN SPORTS

 

(Aristean Time is expressed in aristo.  To convert to milliaristo, multiply the value by 1000.)

 

Present Duration

Proposed Duration

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Basketball

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

40 min

2.77778

43 min 12 sec

3.00000

Period

4 quarters

4 quarters

4 quarters

4 quarters

Per Period

10 min

0.69444

10 min 48 sec

0.75000

Interval between first and second, and third and fourth, periods

2 min

0.13889

2 min 9.6 sec

0.15000

Half-time Interval

15 min

1.04167

14 min 24 sec

1.00000

 

 

 

 

 

Boxing

 

 

 

 

Per round

3 min

0.20833

2 min 52.8 sec

0.20000

Intervention

1 min

0.06944

1 min 0.5 sec

0.07000

 

 

 

 

 

Field Hockey

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

70 min

4.86111

72 min

5.00000

Period

2

2

2

2

Per Period

35 min

2.43056

36 min

2.50000

Intermission

5 min

0.34722

5 min 45.6 sec

0.40000

 

 

 

 

 

Football

 

 

 

 

U.S./Canadian football

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

60 min

4.16667

57 min 36 sec

4.00000

Period

4 quarters

4 quarters

4 quarters

4 quarters

Per Period

15 min

1.04167

14 min 24 sec

1.00000

Interval between first and second, and third and fourth, periods

1 min

0.06944

1 min 26.4 sec

0.10000

Half-time Intermission

15 min

1.04167

14 min 24 sec

1.00000

 

 

 

 

 

Rugby League/Union

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

80 min

5.55556

86 min 24 sec

6.00000

Periods

2

2

2

2

Per Period

40 min

2.77778

43 min 12 sec

3.00000

Interval

10 min

0.69444

10 min 48 sec

0.75000

 

 

 

 

 

Soccer

(Association Football)

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

90 min

6.25000

86 min 24 sec

6.00000

Period

2

2

2

2

Each Period

45 min

3.12500

43 min 12 sec

3.00000

Interval

5 min

0.34722

7 min 12 sec

0.50000

 

 

 

 

 

Ice Hockey

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

60 min

4.16667

64 min 48 sec

4.50000

Period

3

3

3

3

Each period

20 min

1.38889

21 min 36 sec

1.50000

Interval

15 min

1.04167

14 min 24 sec

1.00000

 

 

 

 

 

Polo

 

 

 

 

Game Duration, Full Match

56 min

3.88889

57 min 36 sec

4.00000

Periods

8 chukkas

8 chukkas

8 chukkas

8 chukkas

Each Period

7 min

0.48611

7 min 12 sec

0.50000

Interval between periods

3 min

0.20833

2 min 52.8 sec

0.20000

Half-time Interval

5 min

0.34722

5 min 45.6 sec

0.40000

 

 

 

 

 

Water Polo

 

 

 

 

Game Duration

28 min

1.94444

28 min 48 sec

2.00000

Period

4 quarters

4 quarters

4 quarters

4 quarters

Each period

7 min

0.48611

7 min 12 sec

0.50000

Interval

2 min

0.13889

2 min 9.6 sec

0.15000

 

 

Speed in Standard Time and in Aristean Decimal Time

 

Regular Speed

Proposed Speed

Standard

Aristean

Standard

Aristean

20 kph

4.8 kpar

20.83 kph

5 kpar

40 kph

9.6 kpar

41.67 kph

10 kpar

60 kph

14.4 kpar

62.50 kph

15 kpar

80 kph

19.2 kpar

83.33 kph

20 kpar

100 kph

24.0 kpar

104.17 kph

25 kpar

120 kph

28.8 kpar

125.00 kph

30 kpar

 

 

 

 

10 mph

2.4 mpar

10.42 mph

2.5 mpar

20 mph

4.8 mpar

20.83 mph

5.0 mpar

30 mph

7.2 mpar

31.25 mph

7.5 mpar

40 mph

9.6 mpar

41.67 mph

10.0 mpar

50 mph

12.0 mpar

52.08 mph

12.5 mpar

60 mph

14.4 mpar

62.50 mph

15.0 mpar

70 mph

16.8 mpar

72.92 mph

17.5 mpar

 

 

The Milliaristo as the New SI  Base Unit for Time

 

Presently, the second is the SI base unit for time.  A second is slightly greater than a milliaristo, i.e. one second equals 1.157407407 milliaristo, or one milliaristo equals 0.864 second.  The second is in sexagesimal (base 60) whereas the milliaristo is in decimal (base 10).  It is proposed herein that the milliaristo be adopted as the new base SI unit for time.  This will complete the conversion of all base SI units to decimal or to metric.  This will need to redefine all the derived SI units using the second.  It may take years for the complete transition, but we have to do it someday.  As one wise person said, “If we don’t speak up, who will speak up?  If we don’t move, who will move?  If not now, when will it ever be?”

 

Definition of a Milliaristo

 

A milliaristo is 0.864 second.  If a second is defined as the time for the metal cesium to radiate 9,192,631,770 waves of constant frequency, a milliaristo then can be defined as the time for the metal cesium to radiate 7,942,433,849.28 waves of constant frequency.  If we round this off to the nearest unit, the difference is 0.28 wave.  In one day, this is equivalent to 100,000 milliaristos x 0.28 = 28,000 waves.  For this to be equal to one milliaristo, it will take 283,658.35 days or 776.6 years! 

 

Digital Display of Aristean Decimal Time on a Stopwatch

The readout displaying the Aristean decimal time using digital stopwatches will consist of two digits for aristo, a decimal point, and three digits for milliaristo, as shown in the following examples:

 

Standard

Time

Aristean Time

Aristo

Milli-aristo

0:10:00

0.694

0

694

0:30:00

2.083

2

083

0:44:32

3.093

3

093

1:21:45

5.677

5

677

1:39:26

6.905

6

905

2:04:42

8.660

8

660

3:50:13

15.987

15

987

 

In case accuracy is required up to a hundredth or even a thousandth of a milliaristo (as used in technical applications, automobile racing, and Olympic sports, such as cycling, rowing, canoeing, swimming, track and field, skiing, speedskating, biathlon, bobsledding and tobogganing), then the decimal display is increased to six digits.  If the Aristean time is preferred to be expressed in milliaristo, then the readout display will consist of five digits for milliaristo, a decimal point, and three digits for thousandth of a milliaristo (equal to microaristo), as shown in the following examples:

 

Standard

Time

Aristean Time

Milli-aristo

Micro-aristo

0:0:53.320

61.713

61

713

0:1:32.053

106.543

106

543

0:2:12.740

153.634

153

634

0:14:13.800

988.194

988

194

0:25:53.700

1,798.264

1,798

264

0:42:20.800

2,940.741

2,940

741

1:22:27.800

5,726.621

5,726

621

4:35:21.000

19,121.528

19,121

528

 

 

 

TIME OF DAY OR CLOCK TIME ISSUE

 

Features

o       Time more than 50 aristos is daytime, ie. second 50 aristos (51 to 100).

§         More than 50 and less than or equal to 75 aristos is morning, or before noon. 

§         More than 75 and less than or equal to 100 aristos is after noon.

 

Start of day

The day starts at sunset and not at midnight.  The starting time of the day is the present standard 6:00 p.m.  Although the sun may set before 6:00 p.m. in winter or after 6:00 p.m. in summer, the separation of the day would still be the present standard 6:00 p.m.  So the day starts with one whole night followed by one whole day.  Isn’t this more logical than starting the day at midnight?  This follows the Jewish way of commencing the day although they did not divide the solar day into 100 units.  This also follows God’s definition of a day as stated in Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23, and 31.  The start of the day is equal to one-fourth of a day, or the present six hours, or 25 aristos from noon.

 

A Day According to God

Quoted below from the Holy Bible, King James Version, are the following excerpts in the book of Genesis of the Old Testament wherein God defined what comprises a day:

 

Genesis 1:1-5 – In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.  And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.  And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.  And God said, “Let there be light”: and there was light.  And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.  And God called the light “Day”, and the darkness he called “Night”.  And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Genesis 1:8 – And the evening and the morning were the second day.

Genesis 1:13 – And the evening and the morning were the third day.

Genesis 1:19 – And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

Genesis 1:23 – And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

Genesis 1:31 – And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

 

Subdivisions of a day

Approximately, one aristo is equal to the present standard 15 minutes.  This means that about four aristos is equal to the present standard hour.  The aristo is divided into 10 deciaristo.  The present standard minute is equal to about 0.7 deciaristo.  One aristo is also equal to 1,000 milliaristo.  The present standard second is equal to about one milliaristo.  Milliaristo, or milliar for short, is used for precision in sports and in technical applications. 

 

Time of Day

Aristean time indicates if it is before or after midnight, or before or after noon; or nighttime or daytime.  There is no need to indicate a.m. (ante meridiem, before noon) or p.m. (post meridiem, after noon).

 

a.m./

p.m.

Part of Day

Aristean Time

(o’day)

Range of day

p.m.

after noon, nighttime

> 0 and <= 25

sunset to midnight

a.m.

before noon, nighttime

> 25 and <= 50

midnight to sunrise

a.m.

before noon, daytime

> 50 and <= 75

sunrise to noon

p.m.

after noon, daytime

> 75 and <= 100

noon to sunset

 

The Aristean time for the limits of the day are:

 

Aristean time

Limit

25 o’day

midnight

50 o’day

sunrise

75 o’day

noon

100 o’day

sunset

 

Expressing Time

Clock time in the Aristean Decimal Time may be expressed in three different formats:

 

  1. Use of o’day – Time of day is explicitly expressed as o’day (like o’clock), the contraction of ‘part or fraction of one day’ or ‘of the day’, in verbal and written communications.  To simplify, the apostrophe in o’day may be omitted and the word is just spelled as “oday”.  It is like the way time is presently said, e.g., ‘It is three o’clock.’  O’clock though is only used in even hours, not to fraction of an hour.  Oday can be used for even or fraction of an oday.  (An even oday is a time in which the fraction of an oday is zero, e.g. 15.0 oday.) 

Examples:      3.2 oday

      15.0 oday

      88.8 oday

 

  1. Use of colon – In written communications, a colon instead of a decimal point is used to indicate that the figure refers to time of day expressed in oday.  Oday is omitted.  This is preferably used in tabulations and timetables, such as train and airline timetables.  This may be also be used as in ‘The meeting will be held at 80:0.’

Examples:      3:2

                        15:0

                        88:8

 

  1. Use of three-digit number – Three digits are always used—the first two indicating the oday, and the last digit, the tenths of an oday, with no punctuation or space in between.  Two zeros are used if oday is less than one, or a zero for the fraction of an oday if it is even, i.e. zero.  This is similar to the use of military time in the present 24-hour system, where, for example, 1630H means 4:30 p.m.  To avoid confusion, especially in written communication, the unit of the figure, ‘oday’, is affixed at the end, provided the figure is understood to be in oday.  The capital letter T, for time, may also be used instead of oday. 

Examples:      032 oday or 032T

                        150 oday or 150T

                        888 oday or 888T

            In verbal communications, however, the above examples may be said as ‘zero three two’, ‘one five zero’, and eight eight eight’.

 

I leave to an international body, such as a United Nations agency or the International Standard Organization, the decision on which of the above suggested formats will be the acceptable style(s).  Personally, I would recommend only the first and the second formats of expressing the time of day.

 

The Clock

The clock, as usual, will have two hands.  The short hand will indicate the aristo and the long hand, the deciaristo.  One revolution of the long hand equals one aristo.  This makes the long hand travels 50 times faster than the short hand.  Hence, each tick is equal to 0.2 deciaristo.

 

The face of the clock is divided into 50 units marked at five-unit major interval.  The top will have 50/100 and the bottom, 25/75.  The right side is divided into 25 units marked at the following major ticks: 5/55, 10/60, 15/65 and 20/70.  The left side is similarly divided into 25 units marked at the following major ticks: 30/80, 35/85, 40/90, and 45/95.  Between two five-unit major ticks are four minor ticks. 

 

To aid in reading the aristo of the time on the clock, a small second dial is incorporated which has only five subdivisons numbered 1 to 5.  This will indicate where the short hand is located between the major ticks. 

 

Another way to show precisely the aristo of the time, a two-digit digital readout could be incorporated below the center spindle to display this. 

 

Digital Display of Aristean Decimal Time

Displaying the Aristean time using digital clocks will consist of two digits for aristo, a decimal point, and one digit for deciaristo, as shown in the following examples:

 

Standard

Time

Aristean Time

Aristo

Deci-aristo

6:14:24 p.m.

1.0

1

0

6:50:24 p.m.

3.5

3

5

12:24:29 a.m.

26.7

26

7

7:53:46 a.m.

57.9

57

9

10:09:07 a.m.

67.3

67

3

4:12:00 p.m.

92.5

92

5

5:58:34 p.m.

99.9

99

9

 

 

Conversion of Clock Time from Aristean Decimal Time to Standard Time:

 

Aristean Time

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Standard Time

0

6:00:00 p.m.

 

 

1

6:14:24 p.m.

51

6:14:24 a.m.

2

6:28:48 p.m.

52

6:28:48 a.m.

3

6:43:12 p.m.

53

6:43:12 a.m.

4

6:57:36 p.m.

54

6:57:36 a.m.

5

7:12:00 p.m.

55

7:12:00 a.m.

6

7:26:24 p.m.

56

7:26:24 a.m.

7

7:40:48 p.m.

57

7:40:48 a.m.

8

7:55:12 p.m.

58

7:55:12 a.m.

9

8:09:36 p.m.

59

8:09:36 a.m.

10

8:24:00 p.m.

60

8:24:00 a.m.

11

8:38:24 p.m.

61

8:38:24 a.m.

12

8:52:48 p.m.

62

8:52:48 a.m.

13

9:07:12 p.m.

63

9:07:12 a.m.

14

9:21:36 p.m.

64

9:21:36 a.m.

15

9:36:00 p.m.

65

9:36:00 a.m.

16

9:50.24 p.m.

66

9:50.24 a.m.

17

10:04:48 p.m.

67

10:04:48 a.m.

18

10:19:12 p.m.

68

10:19:12 a.m.

19

10:33:36 p.m.

69

10:33:36 a.m.

20

10:48:00 p.m.

70

10:48:00 a.m.

21

11:02:24 p.m.

71

11:02:24 a.m.

22

11:16:48 p.m.

72

11:16:48 a.m.

23

11:31:12 p.m.

73

11:31:12 a.m.

24

11:45:36 p.m.

74

11:45:36 a.m.

25

12:00:00 m.n.

75

12:00:00 noon

26

12:14:24 a.m.

76

12:14:24 p.m.

27

12:28:48 a.m.

77

12:28:48 p.m.

28

12:43:12 a.m.

78

12:43:12 p.m.

29

12:57:36 a.m.

79

12:57:36 p.m.

30

1:12:00 a.m.

80

1:12:00 p.m.

31

1:26:24 a.m.

81

1:26:24 p.m.

32

1:40:48 a.m.

82

1:40:48 p.m.

33

1:55:12 a.m.

83

1:55:12 p.m.

34

2:09:36 a.m.

84

2:09:36 p.m.

35

2:24:00 a.m.

85

2:24:00 p.m.

36

2:38:24 a.m.

86

2:38:24 p.m.

37

2:52:48 a.m.

87

2:52:48 p.m.

38

3:07:12 a.m.

88

3:07:12 p.m.

39

3:21:36 a.m.

89

3:21:36 p.m.

40

3:36:00 a.m.

90

3:36:00 p.m.

41

3:50.24 a.m.

91

3:50.24 p.m.

42

4:04:48 a.m.

92

4:04:48 p.m.

43

4:19:12 a.m.

93

4:19:12 p.m.

44

4:33:36 a.m.

94

4:33:36 p.m.

45

4:48:00 a.m.

95

4:48:00 p.m.

46

5:02:24 a.m.

96

5:02:24 p.m.

47

5:16:48 a.m.

97

5:16:48 p.m.

48

5:31:12 a.m.

98

5:31:12 p.m.

49

5:45:36 a.m.

99

5:45:36 p.m.

50

6:00:00 a.m.

100

6:00:00 p.m.

 

 

Conversion of Clock Time from Standard Time to Aristean Decimal Time:

 

Standard Time

Aristean Time

Standard Time

Aristean Time

12:00 m.n.

25:000

12:00 noon

75:000

12:15 a.m.

26:042

12:15 p.m.

76:042

12:30 a.m.

27:083

12:30 p.m.

77:083

12:45 a.m.

28:125

12:45 p.m.

78:125

1:00 a.m.

29:167

1:00 p.m.

79:167

1:15 a.m.

30:208

1:15 p.m.

80:208

1:30 a.m.

31:250

1:30 p.m.

81:250

1.45 a.m.

32:292

1.45 p.m.

82:292

2:00 a.m.

33:333

2:00 p.m.

83:333

2:15 a.m.

34:375

2:15 p.m.

84:375

2:30 a.m.

35:417

2:30 p.m.

85:417

2.45 a.m.

36:458

2.45 p.m.

86:458

3:00 a.m.

37:500

3:00 p.m.

87:500

3:15 a.m.

38:542

3:15 p.m.

88:542

3:30 a.m.

39:583

3:30 p.m.

89:583

3.45 a.m.

40:625

3.45 p.m.

90:625

4:00 a.m.

41:667

4:00 p.m.

91:667

4:15 a.m.

42:708

4:15 p.m.

92:708

4:30 a.m.

43:750

4:30 p.m.

93:750

4.45 a.m.

44:792

4.45 p.m.

94:792

5:00 a.m.

45:833

5:00 p.m.

95:833

5:15 a.m.

46:875

5:15 p.m.

96:875

5:30 a.m.

47:917

5:30 p.m.

97:917

5.45 a.m.

48:958

5.45 p.m.

98:958

6:00 a.m.

50:000

6:00 p.m.

0:000

6:15 a.m.

51:042

6:15 p.m.

1:042

6:30 a.m.

52:083

6:30 p.m.

2:083

6.45 a.m.

53:125

6.45 p.m.

3:125

7:00 a.m.

54:167

7:00 p.m.

4:167

7:15 a.m.

55:208

7:15 p.m.

5:208

7:30 a.m.

56:250

7:30 p.m.

6:250

7.45 a.m.

57:292

7.45 p.m.

7:292

8:00 a.m.

58:333

8:00 p.m.

8:333

8:15 a.m.

59:375

8:15 p.m.

9:375

8:30 a.m.

60:417

8:30 p.m.

10:417

8.45 a.m.

61:458

8.45 p.m.

11:458

9:00 a.m.

62:500

9:00 p.m.

12:500

9:15 a.m.

63:542

9:15 p.m.

13:542

9:30 a.m.

64:583

9:30 p.m.

14:583

9.45 a.m.

65:625

9.45 p.m.

15:625

10:00 a.m.

66:667

10:00 p.m.

16:667

10:15 a.m.

67:708

10:15 p.m.

17:708

10:30 a.m.

68:750

10:30 p.m.

18:750

10.45 a.m.

69:792

10.45 p.m.

19:792

11:00 a.m.

70:833

11:00 p.m.

20:833

11:15 a.m.

71:875

11:15 p.m.

21:875

11:30 a.m.

72:917

11:30 p.m.

22:917

11.45 a.m.

73:958

11.45 p.m.

23:958

 

 

 

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